A dental cavity is the second most common oral health ailment that many people experience. If not cured, these can cause pain and other oral health diseases that may affect the daily lives of people.
What are Cavities?
Cavities are small holes in the teeth that are also known as tooth decay. These usually occur in the teeth of children and young adults. However, it is possible to happen in all ages. The reason behind it is because of these are the most common age in which they usually do not care about what they eat.
According to experts, there are particular groups which are more prone to dental cavities or tooth decay. These include:
- Low-income families
- Senior citizens
- People who drink non-fluoridated water
- People in radiation therapy
- People with diabetes
- Tobacco users
- Alcohol and drug users
- People who love sugary food
What are the Causes of Cavities?
The most common cause of cavities is sugary food including chocolates and carbonated drinks like sodas. High starch diets can also cause it. This is why kids and young adults are more prone to cavities since they are the most common ones who love eating sugary food and drinks.
Another cause of tooth decay is the oral plaque. These plaques are caused by stuck food between teeth that end up causing tooth decay. This happens to those who do not brush their teeth properly and do not floss. Some food stuck in between can be removed by simple brushing while there are those that need flossing to remove them.
Cavities are formed when bacteria in the mouth make use of plaque and tartar to convert sugar and starches into acid. This acid breaks down the enamel of the tooth and would end up causing a hole in the tooth. With different types of bacteria living in the mouth, there is a high possibility of tooth decay if not prevented.
How Can Cavities be Prevented?
Like many other health problems, a single dental cavity or tooth decay can be easily prevented. There are two primary ways to prevent it which are: good oral hygiene and diet changing.
Good oral hygiene includes the need to brush the teeth properly and floss regularly. Food stuck between teeth can be removed using these two methods. It can also help in decreasing the bacterial growth inside the mouth. It would also be good to use mouthwash to further remove the harmful bacteria inside the mouth that brushing and flossing may not have removed.
On the other hand, diet changing can help in reducing the amount of sugar and starch that remain on the teeth. With a lesser amount of these types of food, there would be little numbers of these that bacteria can use to propagate and convert into an acid. This makes it less likely for the tooth enamel to quickly be eroded thus making it less likely for tooth decay to happen. If you wish to learn more about dental health tips, visit GCsmiles | Invisalign so we can provide you with more information!